Welcome to The Hoist Guy's Blog, where our resident Hoist Guy, Andrew T. Litecky, shares his knowledge and experience of many years in the overhead material handling industry to discuss hoist safety standards and the different types of hoist breaks that are available.
Single Motor Hoist Brake vs Dual Redundant Hoist Brakes
A customer recently asked us: What's the difference between hoists with two brakes (a mechanical load brake and a motor brake) versus hoists with only a single motor brake?
The difference is a significant upgrade for safety when hoists operate with a second brake.
Single Brake: Hoist Motor Brake
To start with, all electric hoists on the American market are built with a motor brake. These brakes by design are magnetically spring loaded and referred to as "fail safe." In the event of the loss of power or when the hoist operator releases either the up or down push button, the electromagnets release the brake and the springs set the brake. The brake manufacturer sizes the brake according to torque and the hoist manufacturer chooses the correct brake per the hoist's motor horsepower. Some hoist manufacturers build their own motor brakes and some buy a motor brake from an outside source.
Secondary Brake: Hoist Load Brake
A mechanical load brake, also known as Weston type mechanical load brake, is by definition a mechanically operated brake, located in an oil bath. Its purpose is to act as a secondary brake, in case of catastrophic motor brake failure. While the hoist load is lowered, it also assists the hoist motor in controlling the load against the force of gravity. It does this by absorbing energy and dissipating this energy in the form of heat, in the oil bath. This is why a hoist gear case will feel hot during operation. Some hoist manufacturers offer the mechanical load brake as standard equipment, while others offer it as an option. And some do not offer it at all.
Brakes & Hoist Safety
For most applications, a single hoist brake meets all safety needs. However, some end users insist on "dual redundant holding brakes." This can be accomplished by using either a hoist with a motor brake and a mechanical load brake or a hoist with dual motor brakes. Either way, dual redundant brakes on a hoist ensure maximum safety by providing a secondary braking system should the primary brake fail. This is an important consideration for applications with critical lifts over processes or operations where a motor brake failure would have catastrophic consequences.
Hoist Brakes, Accessories & Upgrades
At Shupper-Brickle, we recommend hoisting equipment based on a unique expertise in the industry. Besides offering a wide range of brands, our in-house engineering team offers custom solutions. Contact us about your special application or heightened safety standards.